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What Causes Achilles Tendonitis? Symptoms & Treatments.

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Are you experiencing persistent pain and discomfort in your heel or ankle? It could be a result of Achilles tendonitis, a common condition that affects athletes and non-athletes alike. In this article, we will delve into the causes of Achilles tendonitis and explore how it can be prevented and treated. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the human body, connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone. When this tendon becomes inflamed or irritated, it can lead to Achilles tendonitis. However, it's important to note that this condition is not solely caused by physical activity or sports injuries. While overuse or repetitive strain on the tendon is a common cause, other factors such as tight calf muscles, improper footwear, sudden increase in physical activity, and even certain medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis can contribute to the development of Achilles tendonitis. Understanding the underlying causes of this condition is essential in preventing and managing it effectively. So, let's dive into the details and gain insight into what causes Achilles tendonitis and how you can protect yourself from it. Brand Voice: Informative and trustworthy.

Common Causes Of Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis, that nagging pain in your heel, can sideline even the most enthusiastic athlete. But what exactly causes this inflammation? The biggest culprit is often overuse. Repetitive strain from activities like running, jumping sports, or suddenly ramping up your workout intensity can irritate and inflame the Achilles tendon, the band connecting your calf muscles to your heel.


Anatomy also plays a role. Tight calf muscles put extra stress on the tendon, while flat feet or an inward rolling of the ankles (overpronation) can cause misalignment and stress during movement. Other factors like age, weight, and certain medications can also increase your risk. If you're experiencing heel pain, it's important to see a doctor to determine the cause and get on the road to recovery.

Symptoms Of Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis might not scream your diagnosis from the rooftops, but there are some clear signs it's trying to communicate. The most common symptom is pain in the back of your heel, especially in the morning stiffness that eases with light activity. But don't be fooled by temporary relief. Pain that worsens with activity, particularly running or jumping, is a red flag.


You might also experience tenderness or swelling along the Achilles tendon itself. Difficulty pushing off with your toes or standing on your tiptoe on the affected leg are strong indicators. Keep an eye out for any warmth or redness in the area, and if you notice a popping sensation or sudden, severe pain, seek medical attention immediately – this could be a sign of a ruptured Achilles tendon.

Diagnosing Achilles Tendonitis

If you suspect Achilles tendonitis, a trip to the doctor is your best bet. Often, a diagnosis can be made based on your symptoms and a physical exam. Your doctor will likely press on your Achilles tendon and calf muscles to assess tenderness and swelling. They may also check your range of motion in your ankle and ask you to perform a Thompson test, where they squeeze your calf muscle while you lie on your stomach with your toes hanging off the edge of the table. Normally, this should cause your foot to point downward.


While a physical exam is usually enough, imaging tests might be necessary in some cases. X-rays, though not helpful in visualizing soft tissue like tendons, can rule out other bone-related issues. Ultrasounds provide a clearer picture of the tendon itself, sometimes even showing blood flow to assess inflammation. And for a highly detailed look, an MRI scan can reveal any tears or other abnormalities within the tendon.

Treatment Options For Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis doesn't have to be a chronic sentence. Thankfully, there's a range of effective treatments to get you back on your feet, pain-free. The first line of defense is often a non-invasive approach focused on reducing inflammation and promoting healing.


RICE is your friend: Remember RICE? This acronym stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Taking a break from aggravating activities, applying ice packs for 15-20 minutes at a time, wearing a compression bandage, and keeping your foot elevated can significantly reduce pain and swelling.


Medications and Physical Therapy: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or naproxen can help manage discomfort. Your doctor might also consider a corticosteroid injection for a more targeted approach to inflammation. Physical therapy is a cornerstone of treatment, with specific stretches and strengthening exercises designed to improve flexibility, strengthen the calf muscles, and improve overall function.


Advanced Options: If conservative methods don't bring relief, further options might be explored. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) uses sound waves to stimulate healing. Orthotics can provide additional support and improve biomechanics. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to repair a severely damaged tendon.


Remember, the best course of treatment depends on the severity of your condition. It's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for a personalized plan to get you back to your active life.

Achilles Tendonitis

Exercises And Stretches For Achilles Tendonitis

Alongside rest and medication, targeted exercises and stretches play a vital role in managing Achilles tendonitis and promoting long-term healing. Here are a few key exercises to consider:


Calf Raises: This classic calf strengthener comes in variations. Start with seated calf raises, using a chair for support as you raise your heels and lower them slowly. Once comfortable, progress to single-leg calf raises, focusing on good form and controlled movement. As strength improves, explore weighted calf raises using dumbbells or resistance bands.


Eccentric Heel Drops: These target the lengthening of the calf muscle, crucial for Achilles tendon health. Stand on a step with the balls of your feet hanging off the edge. Slowly lower your heels down, feeling the stretch in your calves. Then, push yourself back up using both legs. Focus on the controlled lowering motion for maximum benefit.


Stretching is Key: Don't neglect stretches! Toe stretches, where you gently pull your toes back towards you while seated, and wall calf stretches, where you lean into a wall with one leg forward and the other back, both help loosen tight calf muscles and improve flexibility in the Achilles tendon.


Remember: It's important to listen to your body. Start slow, with minimal repetitions, and gradually increase intensity and duration as pain allows. Always consult with a healthcare professional or physical therapist before starting any new exercise program, especially if you have Achilles tendonitis. They can guide you on proper form and ensure the exercises are appropriate for your specific condition.

Bilt Labs Custom Orthotics

Achilles tendonitis can be a frustrating roadblock for anyone who enjoys an active lifestyle. While rest, medication, and physical therapy are key components of treatment, incorporating custom orthotics from Bilt Labs can provide an extra layer of support and accelerate your path to recovery.


Tailored for Your Feet: Unlike generic insoles, Bilt Labs custom orthotics are crafted specifically for your unique foot anatomy. Through a pressure analysis and gait evaluation, they pinpoint areas where your foot mechanics might be contributing to Achilles tendon strain. This personalized approach allows the orthotics to offer targeted support in key areas, promoting better alignment and reducing stress on the Achilles tendon.


Pressure Relief and Healing: Bilt Labs orthotics are designed to distribute pressure more evenly across your foot, taking the load off overloaded areas and preventing micro-tears in the tendon. This promotes faster healing and reduces the risk of further inflammation.


Optimized Biomechanics: Improper foot mechanics, like flat feet or overpronation, can exacerbate Achilles tendonitis. Bilt Labs custom orthotics address these issues by providing targeted arch support and promoting proper foot alignment during walking or running. This reduces excessive strain on the tendon with each step, allowing it to recover more effectively.


Multiple Options for Your Needs: Bilt Labs offers a range of custom orthotics designed for different activity levels. Whether you're primarily focused on pain relief during everyday activities or need high-impact support for running and jumping, there's an option to match your needs.


Considering custom orthotics as part of your Achilles tendonitis treatment plan can be a game-changer. By providing targeted support, pressure relief, and improved biomechanics, Bilt Labs orthotics can help you get back to the activities you love, pain-free. 

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Conclusion

In conclusion, Achilles tendonitis is a common condition with a variety of contributing factors. Understanding the culprits, from overuse to anatomical imbalances, empowers you to take preventative measures and address the root cause of the pain. If you're experiencing heel pain, don't hesitate to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. By addressing Achilles tendonitis promptly, you can keep yourself on the path to a healthy and active lifestyle. Take our free quiz today to find out which orthotic type is best for your feet.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always consult with a qualified healthcare professional before making any decisions about your health. If you have any questions about your health or are experiencing any medical problems, please contact your doctor or other healthcare provider immediately. Do not delay seeking medical attention based on the information provided in this article.